UK Family Law Reform

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Joint Physical Custody Better For Children’s Psychological Health 22nd September 2017

Shared Parenting Dr. Edward Kruk 31st March 2016

----- Original Message -----
Sent: Friday, December 27, 2013 10:29 AM
Subject: Shared Parenting Definition

Hi David,

The accompanying definition captures the essential elements of what is meant by shared parenting.

The advocacy focus is the enactment of a rebuttable legal presumption of equal parental responsibility defined as children spending equal time with each parent..

The term, shared parenting refers to a post–divorce arrangement that attempts to approximate the parent–child relationships in the original two–parent home. In this arrangement, both parents not only have equal rights and responsibilities for their children's welfare andupbringing, but also have an active role to play in the daily routines of their children's care and development. Each remain as salient attachment figures in their children's lives, the child having substantial, but not necessarily equal contact with each parent. As the living arrangement that most closely resembles the pre–divorce family in cases where both parents had an active parenting role before divorce, shared parenting encompasses both shared physical care taking (the actual day–to–day care of children) and equal authority regarding the children's education, medical care, and religious upbringing.

This translates into the following policy recommendation:
That a rebuttable legal presumption of equal parental responsibility defined as children spending equal time with each parent be established

(Kruk 2011, 2013)

Kind regards,


Research Consensus Statement on Co-Parenting After Divorce 28th July 2014

What is shared parenting? 25th December 2013

A Fathers role in a child's life is a very important one 10th April 2013

Co-Parenting After Divorce by Edward Kruk 9th March 2013

CafCass has no guidelines or training on how much contact is required 7th March 2013

Letter sent to The Rt Hon Michael Gove MP Dated March 2013

There is no research used to train judges in relation to deciding contact time 27th February 2013

Mark Lancester MP Re: Shared Parenting reform 14th February 2013

A ‘presumption of shared parenting’ 10th February 2013

German fathers to get joint custody even if mum says no 4th February 2013

Shared Parenting Legislation Submitted in Nebraska 2nd February 2013

Association for Shared Parenting 13th December 2012

Attachment research for family court professhionals by Michael E Lamb 2012

British Government’s Child Custody Proposal Insults Fathers, Hurts Children 8th November 2012

Separated fathers to gain legal right to see children 7th November 2012

Shared parenting' provision to be inserted into Children Act 6th November 2012

Access law change means children will have legal right to see both parents after divorce 5th November 2012

Shared Parenting' is not in children’s best interests 5th November 2012

The Children Act 1989 in its current form provides for shared residence 31st October 2012

A child has no right of access to its parent 28th October 2012

A Review of Shared Residential Parenting Research 18th November 2011

British Draft Family Legislation Leaves Fathers and Children Out in the Cold 21st September 2012

Clarke outlines shared parenting law change 6th February 2012

A Review of Shared Residential Parenting Research 18th November 2011

A Model Equal Parental Responsibility Presumption in Contested Child Custody 15th September 2011

The Effect of Joint Custody on Family Outcomes 19th April 2011

Shared Residence Orders by David Hodson February 2011

CANADA: Joint custody ain't what it used to be 18th July 2008

Even Sweden admits: Kids need dads 4th March 2008

The secret history of family law reform 6th November 2007

Denmark makes 50/50 EQUAL parenting as default 20th October 2007

Belgium: Co-parenting presumption now law 5th September 2006

Divorced parents to be given automatic access to children 13th November 2005

No research proves sole residency is best 14th September 2005

Consensus Major Distortions of Family Policy 26th April 2005

What Do The Little Ones Want? 14th March 2005

No right to contact and no proof that sole residency is in the best interests of children 21st December 2004


Views wanted on child contact agreements 24th June 2004

Babies May Benefit From Overnight Visits With Noncustodial Parents 7th November 2003

Joint custody might be best option for children of divorce June 2002

Children Likely to be Better Adjusted in Joint Vs Sole Custody Arrangements 24th March 2002

Children 'must have equal access' to both parents after divorce 8th October 2000

Submission to the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights 28th April 1999

Joint Custody Bibliography 1999

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